USRP Hardware Driver and USRP Manual  Version:
UHD and USRP Manual

Comparative features list

  • Hardware Capabilities:
    • 2 transceiver card slots
    • 64 MHz fixed clock rate
  • FPGA Capabilities:
    • 2 RX DDC chains in FPGA
    • 2 TX DUC chains in FPGA (no TX CORDIC -> uses DAC)
    • sc16 sample modes - RX & TX
      • Up to 8 MHz of RF BW with 16-bit samples
    • sc8 sample mode - RX only
      • Up to 16 MHz of RF BW with 8-bit samples

Specify a Non-standard Image

The standard USRP1 images installer comes with two FPGA images:

  • usrp1_fpga.rbf: 2 DDCs + 2 DUCs
  • usrp1_fpga_4rx.rbf: 4 DDCs + 0 DUCs

By default, the USRP1 uses the FPGA image with 2 DDCs and 2 DUCs. However, a device address parameter can be used to override the FPGA image selection to use an alternate or a custom FPGA image. See the images application notes for installing custom images.

Example device address string representations to specify non-standard firmware and/or FPGA images:


-- OR --


-- OR --

fpga=usrp1_fpga_4rx.rbf, fw=usrp1_fw_custom.ihx

Missing and Emulated Features

The USRP1 FPGA does not have the necessary space to support the advanced streaming capabilities that are possible with the newer USRP devices. Some of these features are emulated in software to support the API.

List of emulated features

  • Setting the current device time
  • Getting the current device time
  • Transmitting at a specific time
  • Transmitting a specific number of samples
  • Receiving at a specific time
  • Receiving a specific number of samples
  • End of burst flags for transmit/receive
  • Notification on late stream command
  • Notification on late transmit packet
  • Notification on underflow or overflow
  • Notification on broken chain error

Note: These emulated features rely on the host system's clock for timed operations and therefore may not have sufficient precision for the application.

List of missing features

  • Start of burst flags for transmit/receive

Hardware Setup Notes

External clock modification

The USRP device can be modified to accept an external clock reference instead of the 64MHz onboard reference.

  • Solder SMA (LTI-SASF54GT) connector to J2001.
  • Move 0 ohm 0603 resistor R2029 to R2030.
  • Move 0.01uF 0603 capacitor C925 to C926.
  • Remove 0.01uF 0603 capacitor C924.

The new external clock needs to be a square wave between +7dBm and +15dBm.

After the hardware modification, the user should burn the setting into the EEPROM, so UHD software can initialize with the correct clock rate. Run the following commands to record the setting into the EEPROM:

cd <install-path>/lib/uhd/utils
./usrp_burn_mb_eeprom --args=<optional device args> --values="mcr=<rate>"

The user may override the clock rate specified in the EEPROM by using a device address. Example:

uhd_usrp_probe --args="mcr=52e6"

Known Issues

  • When using the _4rx image, the example rx_sample_to_file will fail because it makes certain assumptions which are then no longer met.