USRP Hardware Driver and USRP Manual  Version: 3.15.0.0-69-gc350eb5a6
UHD and USRP Manual
Building and Installing UHD from source

Build Dependencies

Linux Notes: This is dependent on the distribution you are using, but most, if not all, of the dependencies should be available in the package repositories for your package manager.

Mac OS X Notes: Install the Xcode app to get the build tools (GCC and Make). Use MacPorts to get the Boost and Mako dependencies. Other dependencies can be downloaded as DMG installers from the web or installed via MacPorts. See the UHD OS X build instructions for more information: Build Instructions (Mac OS X)

Windows Notes: The dependencies can be acquired through installable EXE files. Usually, the Windows installer can be found on the project's website. Some projects do not host Windows installers, and if this is the case, follow the auxiliary download URL for the Windows installer (below).

C++ Compiler

The following compilers are known to work and officially supported:

  • GCC >= 4.8.0
  • Clang >= 3.4.0
  • MSVC >= 14.0; the free version works. Users need to install the "Desktop Development with C++" Workload for Visual Studio. On Windows, it can be found in: Tools -> Get Tools and Features... -> Workloads -> Windows

Other compilers (or lower versions) may work, but are unsupported.

CMake

For Windows users, copy the CMake file to Program Files, e.g. C:\Program Files\cmake-3.13.4-win32-x86. The CMake path, e.g. C:\Program Files\cmake-3.13.4-win32-x86\bin needs to be added to the environment variables.

Boost

The Boost binary installer must be selected to match the architecture of Windows being run.

LibUSB

The directory to which you extract libusb must not contain spaces. This is to say that C:\local\lib usb-1.0.22 will cause compile issues moving forward.

Python

  • Purpose: Used by mako build time, and utility scripts and the Python API at runtime
  • Minimum Version: 2.7
  • Usage: build time + runtime utility scripts (required)
  • Download URL: http://www.python.org/download/
  • Comments for Windows Users:
    • The Python binary installer must be selected to match the system processor. Although, the 32-bit Python version can be used with 32-bit or 64-bit Windows system, it is recommended to match between Python and Windows installers. If the system is occupied with 64-bit Windows and x64-based processor, the Windows x86-64 MSI Installer -> python-version.amd64.msi needs to be used.
    • The Python path needs to be added to the environment variables.
    • Install fundamental packages for Python: On Windows Terminal, navigate to Python scripts folder, e.g. C:\\local\\Python37\\Scripts, and execute the following commands to install requests, numpy and six packages, respectively:

      pip install requests pip install numpy pip install six

    • For curses package installation:

      • Download URL: https://www.lfd.uci.edu/~gohlke/pythonlibs/
      • Download a package that is similar to the Python version, Windows System, and system processor and copy it to Python scripts folder. For example, for Python 3.7, 64-bit Windows, and x64-based processor, download the curses-2.2-cp37-cp37m-win_amd64.whl.
      • Install the package dependency, wheel package:

      pip install wheel

      • Install the curses package and include it to Python scripts:

      python -m pip install curses-2.2-cp37-cp37m-win_amd64.whl

Mako

  • Purpose: source code generation
  • Minimum Version: 0.4.2
  • Usage: build time (required)
  • Download URL: http://www.makotemplates.org/download.html
  • Alternative method: You can use pip or easy_install to install Mako from PyPi. To install it using 'pip' on Windows, navigate to Python scripts folder, e.g. ´C:`, and run the following command:

    pip install mako

Doxygen

NSIS

  • Purpose: create Windows installers. It is used to create binary packages of UHD enabling easy distribution and installation of UHD, associated utilities, and examples.
  • Recommended Version: 3.04
  • Usage: build time (optional)
  • Download URL (Windows): https://nsis.sourceforge.io/Download

Git

Required to check out the repository (not necessary if building from tarballs).

On Windows, install Cygwin from https://www.cygwin.com/ with Git support to checkout the repository or install msysGit from http://code.google.com/p/msysgit/downloads/list.

Setting up the dependencies on Ubuntu

You can install all the dependencies through the package manager:

sudo apt-get install libboost-all-dev libusb-1.0-0-dev python-mako doxygen python-docutils cmake build-essential

Your actual command may differ.

Setting up the dependencies on Fedora

You can install all the dependencies through the package manager:

sudo yum -y install boost-devel libusb1-devel python-mako doxygen python-docutils cmake make gcc gcc-c++

or

sudo dnf -y install boost-devel libusb1-devel python-mako doxygen python-docutils cmake make gcc gcc-c++

Your actual command may differ.

Getting the source code

The UHD source is stored in a Git repository. To download it, follow these instructions:

git clone git://github.com/EttusResearch/uhd.git

If you also want the FPGA code (which is not necessary for building UHD and applications which depend on it), run:

git clone --recursive git://github.com/EttusResearch/uhd.git

This will populate the fpga-src submodule inside the repository. You can also do this after cloning the repository by running these commands from the top level source directory:

git submodule init
git submodule update

Our source code repository contains of two main branches:

  • master: This is the main development branch, with updated new features and bug fixes.
  • maint: This branch has all bugfixes since the last major release, but there are no new features. This is what you should be using if you need a stable release.

We might also be publishing experimental feature branches which can then be found in the same repository. All of our versioned releases are associated with tags in the repository.

Using PyBOMBS

PyBOMBS is a command-line tool for Linuxes (and some Unixes) from the GNU Radio ecosystem and will do a source build of UHD, including setting up prerequisites/dependencies (regardless of the distribution). Assuming you have PyBOMBS set up, you can install UHD with the following command:

$ pybombs install uhd

Head to the PyBOMBS Homepage for more instructions. PyBOMBS can install UHD (as well as GNU Radio or similar projects) both into system directories as well as into user's home directories, omitting the requirement for superuser access.

Build Instructions (Unix)

Generate Makefiles with CMake

cd <uhd-repo-path>/host
mkdir build
cd build
cmake ../

Additionally, configuration variables can be passed into CMake via the command line. The following common-use configuration variables are listed below:

  • For a custom install prefix: -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=<install-path>
  • To install libs into lib64: cmake -DLIB_SUFFIX=64

Example usage:

cmake -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/opt/uhd ../

Build and install

make
make test
sudo make install

Setup the library path (Linux)

Make sure that libuhd.so is in your LD_LIBRARY_PATH, or add it to /etc/ld.so.conf and make sure to run:

sudo ldconfig

Compiling for ARM platforms

When compiling for ARM platforms, the assumption is made that NEON extensions are available if the arm_neon.h header is found. However, this might not be true, e.g., when cross-compiling for an arm7l target (e.g., the Odroid XU4) using a standard SDK. In this case, it's necessary to tell CMake to disable NEON extensions:

cmake -DNEON_SIMD_ENABLE=OFF [...]

Build Instructions (Windows)

Generate the project with CMake

  • Make sure the version of Python that CMake detects matches the version you want it to be (check the PYTHON_VERSION variable)
  • Open the CMake GUI.
  • Set the path to the source code: <uhd-repo-path>/host.
  • Set the path to the build directory (this may require creating the folder ): <uhd-repo-path>/host/build.
  • Make sure that the paths do not contain spaces.
  • Check the Advanced checkbox.
  • Click "Configure".
    • Set "Microsoft Visual Studio 10" as the compiler. Select the recent MSVC that is available on the machine.
    • Click “Finish” and allow CMake to Generate
  • Set or add the build variables with type PATH
    • Boost_INCLUDE_DIR should point to the PATH where the Boost .hpp files are, e.g. C:\local\boost_version\
    • Boost_LIBRARY_DIR should point to the pre-built libraries, e.g. C:\local\boost_version\lib64-msvc-14.0)
  • If a release UHD build is required:
    • Click on "Generate", and a project file will be created in the build directory.
  • If a debug UHD build is required:
    • Click on Grouped
    • Click on CMAKE
    • Look for the parameter CMAKE_BUILD_TYPE: Release and change it to CMAKE_BUILD_TYPE: Debug.
    • Click on "Generate", and a project file will be created in the build directory.

Compile and Install with Visual Studio

  • Open the <uhd-repo-path>\\host\\build\\ALL_BUILD.vcxproj in visual studio, generate the project. Watch the output console for errors.
  • If you did not specify a CMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX where your user has write privileges, you must close Visual Studio, run it again with Administrator Privileges, and open ALL_BUILD.vcxproj.
  • Right click on the INSTALL project in the project explorer, generate it. Watch the output console for errors.

LibUSB notes

On Windows, CMake does not have the advantage of pkg-config, so we must manually tell CMake how to locate the LibUSB header and lib.

  • From the CMake GUI, select "Advanced View".
  • Set or add the following entry with type PATH LIBUSB_INCLUDE_DIRS to the directory for libusb.h, e.g. C:\local\libusb-1.0.22\include\libusb-1.0.
  • Set or add the following entry with type FILEPATH LIBUSB_LIBRARIES to the full path for libusb-1.0.lib, e.g. C:\local\libusb-1.0.22\MS64\dll\libusb-1.0.lib.
  • Recommend the static libusb-1.0.lib to simplify runtime dependencies.
  • Check the box to enable USB support, click "Configure" and "Generate".

Note: On Windows, LibUSB v1.0.19 is required to use most USB3 controllers.

Build the project in MSVC

  • Open the generated project file in MSVC, e.g. C:\cygwin64\home\admin\uhd\host\build\UHD.sln.
  • Change the build type from "Debug" to "Release".
  • Select the "Build All" target, right-click, and choose "Build".
  • Select the install target, right-click, and choose "Build".

Note: You may not have permission to build the install target. You need to be an administrator or to run MSVC as administrator.

Build the project in MSVC (command line)

Open the Visual Studio Command Prompt Shorcut:

cd <uhd-repo-path>\host\build
DevEnv uhd.sln /build Release /project ALL_BUILD
DevEnv uhd.sln /build Release /project INSTALL

Compiling a binary installer

  • Building the "PACKAGE" project will produce a binary installer if NSIS is installed. This installer will be for either 64 bit or 32 bit as chosen during the CMake step.
  • Select the "PACKAGE" project in the Solution Explorer, right-click, and choose "Build".

Setup the PATH environment variable

Add the UHD bin path to PATH% (usually C:\\Program Files\\UHD\\bin)

Note: The default interface for editing environment variable paths in Windows is very poor. We recommend using "Rapid Environment Editor" (http://www.rapidee.com) over the default editor.

Build Instructions (Mac OS X)

X11/XQuartz or Terminal

For the purposes of building and using UHD, you can use Apple's Terminal.app if you so choose, no matter how you install UHD.

That said, running almost any graphical interface (GUI) will require downloading and installing X11/XQuartz first. Through OSX 10.8, Apple provided a means to install X11.app, but XQuartz has always been more up to date. Staring in 10.9, Apple no longer provides a full working version of X11.app. Hence, just use XQuartz from the get-go. Note that unless you experiment with using the Quartz interface to various graphical toolkits (e.g., GTK), you must use X11 as the terminal interface for any GUI applications.

Xcode

Apple provides a fully integrated development environment via their Xcode toolkit, which can be downloaded either via the App store or directly from Apple's Developer area depending on the version of OSX in use. Xcode provides the compilers and related development tools needed to build or execute UHD and its dependencies.

Once Xcode is installed, you must still install the Command Line Tools, which can be accomplished by running Xcode.app, then going to Preferences... -> Downloads and making sure Command Line Tools is selected/enabled [feel free to select other downloads too]. You might be able to install the Command Line Tools in a terminal using

xcode-select --install

but this command will not work with every OSX / Xcode combination (e.g., does not work with OSX 10.8 and Xcode 5, but does work with OSX 10.9 and Xcode 5).

Once the Command Line Tools are installed, UHD and other projects can be installed either from source or, preferably, via MacPorts.

Background Dependencies

There are a number of background libraries and applications that must be installed from source or binary in order to compile or execute UHD; for a full list, see Build Dependencies. These can be obtained by using MacPorts, Fink, HomeBrew, and/or from source / scratch. MacPorts tends to be more up-to-date with respect to new releases, which can be both a blessing and a curse since sometimes new released are untested and result in build or runtime errors. MacPorts, HomeBrew, and Fink offer thousands of ready-to-install libraries and applications, and hence they are highly recommended to use instead of installing from source / scratch.

Many UHD developers first install UHD using MacPorts in order to get all of the necessary background dependencies installed, then remove just UHD via

sudo port install uhd
sudo port uninstall uhd

NOTE: We highly recommended that all dependencies be installed via the same package manager! When issues arise, they are much easier to track down, and updating to newer versions of UHD as well as dependencies is much easier.

NOTE: Other package managers (e.g., Fink, HomeBrew) will require different commands than the above to install all dependencies and then remove the UHD install. Please consult the specific package manager in use for how to do these commands properly; they will not be covered here.

Compiling UHD from Source

Installing UHD from source follows the standard cmake method as found in many places, with a few arguments to make sure cmake always finds the correct version of Python, and uses the desired compiler. First, download the source code either via a release or via GIT.

For example, on OSX 10.8+ and using Xcode's legacy Apple GCC (via llvm), MacPorts installed into /opt/local (the default), and for Python 2.7 as installed by MacPorts, issue the following commands from within the UHD source directory:

$ mkdir build
$ cd build
$ CC=/usr/bin/llvm-gcc CXX=/usr/bin/llvm-g++ cmake -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/opt/local -DPYTHON_EXECUTABLE=/opt/local/bin/python2.7 -DPYTHON_INCLUDE_DIR=/opt/local/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.7/Headers -DPYTHON_LIBRARY=/opt/local/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.7/Python ../host
$ make

If make succeeds, then you can test the build for errors via

$ make test

To install the build, issue

$ sudo make install

Selecting another compiler is as simple as changing the CC and CXX pre-arguments to the cmake command. Similarly, one can change the install prefix by changing the setting of the variable CMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX.

NOTE: All of the PYTHON defines must point to the same install of Python, otherwise runtime errors are likely to occur.

NOTE: When using some other package manager (e.g., Fink, HomeBrew), the actual variable settings (-D...=...) will be different than those above. Please consult the specific package manager in use for how to do these settings properly; they will not be covered here.

Post-Install Tasks

  • After installing, you might want to download the FPGA images packages by running uhd_images_downloader on the command line, or one of these executables (the actual path may differ based on your installation):
    • Linux: /usr/local/lib/uhd/utils/uhd_images_downloader.py
    • Windows: C:\Program Files\share\uhd\utils\uhd_images_downloader.py
    • Mac OS X: In MacPorts, when UHD is installed the images are automatically downloaded and installed into their proper location. For any other package manager or install method, you should execute the uhd_images_downloader.py script to get the images installed appropriately.
  • For USB-Based devices, make sure to read USB Transport (LibUSB) for platform-specific post-installation tasks.

Building applications that require UHD using CMake

If your application uses CMake as a build system, the following command will setup up your build environment to link against UHD:

find_package(UHD "3.10.0")

This will set the CMake variable UHD_INCLUDE_DIRS and UHD_LIBRARIES accordingly.

See the example in examples/init_usrp for more details, as well as the UHDConfig.cmake file that gets installed along with the UHD libraries.

Static Builds

Using CMake, UHD can be built as a static library by switching on ENABLE_STATIC_LIBS.

cmake -DENABLE_STATIC_LIBS=ON <path to UHD source>

When linking the static library, you must ensure that the library is loaded in its entirety, otherwise global objects aren't initialized at load-time and it will always fail to detect any devices. Also, all UHD dependencies for UHD must be provided unless your linker has other ways of resolving library dependencies.

With the GNU ld linker (e.g. on Linux platforms), this is done using the --whole-archive switch. Using the GNU C++ compiler, the correct command line is:

g++ your_uhd_app.cpp -Wl,-whole-archive <path to UHD libs>/libuhd.a -Wl,-no-whole-archive -ldl -lpthread -l<all other libraries>

Note that --whole-archive is disabled after including libuhd.a. The exact list of libraries depends on your UHD build. When using UHDConfig.cmake (see Building applications that require UHD using CMake), the path to libuhd.a is saved into UHD_LIBRARIES, and UHD_STATIC_LIB_DEPS lists the required dependencies. See UHDConfig.cmake for details.